Spotting Financial Scams

Part of securing your finances is being on the lookout for scams; if you know what they look like you can recognize them early and avoid getting caught up in them. They can be hard to spot since the whole point is to appear legitimate but there are usually a few details that give them away.

A Sense of Urgency
It could be an “extremely limited time offer” or a threat of legal action, or even arrest, if you don’t resolve things immediately. The scammer wants you to take action before you’ve had a chance to really think about things or verify their claims. Any time you’re being urged to take action right away, you should be suspicious.

Strange Payment Methods
The IRS does not accept gift cards as payments for back taxes owed. Sure, that’s an extreme example you probably wouldn’t fall for but you get the idea. Gift cards, pre-paid debit cards, bitcoin, wiring money (like Western Union), etc. are often the methods preferred by scammers. They’re difficult to trace or reverse and the transfer is basically immediate. If they insist on oddly specific payment methods, be suspicious.

A Sense of Secrecy
Whether it’s a straightforward demand that you don’t tell anyone about this or something more subtle, like hinting that you would be embarrassed if any of your friends or family found out about this, scammers don’t want you to talk things over with anyone else. You might figure out it’s not real.

So what can you do if you suspect a scam but aren’t sure? Basically the opposite of what they want.

They want you to act quickly? Slow down. Don’t take any action immediately. Tell them you’ll call them back, that you have to verify something, or that you just can’t talk right now. Don’t get rushed into action, even if the action seems innocent.

They want you to send money or account details? Don’t. It’s that simple. Legitimate offers or collections notices will give you straightforward, traceable ways to pay. You won’t need to jump through any hoops, and you won’t need to make the payment that second.

They want you not to tell anyone? Talk it over with someone. It could be a friend, a colleague, a BrightDime coach. If they name an organization they claim to be from, verify what they’re saying independently, not through any callback numbers, email addresses, or links they provide (this should sound familiar if you read the article on phishing a few weeks ago).

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